Skip to content


It was a great workshop, well presented and structured.· As I indicated, we (Canadian food inspection agency) would like to have one in Canada.




Food Defense

“The leading provider of Food Defense solutions”
Periscope Consulting is a go-to provider to the FDA, USDA, FBI and State Department for Food Defense Consulting. We have created and delivered training and tools, including the model development of the Food Defense Plan Builder software that the FDA published. We are the primary Food Defense consultant to a number of major domestic food manufacturers.

We are one of only 12 Trainer of Trainers in the world at this time for the IA VA face to face course. We are the only Trainer of Trainers in the world for that course which has 30 years of experience in food production facilities.

We have traveled all over the world presenting Food Defense workshops. More than 30 countries and 3000 participants and growing every year.

Food Defense Plans

The leading provider of Food Defense solutions

  • Developer of FDA and APEC workshop materials
  • Developer of the Food Defense Plan Builder tool used in FDA and APEC workshops and the model for the Food Defense Plan Builder Software developed by the FDA
  • Lead tester/reviewer of CARVER plus Shock software
  • Intentional Adulteration Sub Committee for the FSPCA, reviewing the standardized curricula recognized by the FDA
  • International Outreach Sub Committee for the FSPCA, developing best practices globally.
  • Presenter at Food Defense workshops and exercises all over the world

Food Defense

Food Defense is the protection of the food supply from the intentional contamination of food, as contrasted with Food Safety which is the protection of the food supply from unintentional contamination. The intentional contamination may come from an angry employee, a criminal element, a dishonest competitor or an organized terrorist. The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) focuses on an attack with the intent to create “wide scale public health harm,” which may be perpetrated by an inside attacker. The government is working to “Prevent, Detect and Respond” to an intentional act of contamination. Industry can have the most impact in the prevention of a contamination event, by instituting mitigating measures that reduce the risk of intentional contamination. The FSMA rule, Mitigation Strategies to Protect Food Against Intentional Adulteration. requires a vulnerability assessment, mitigation strategies, and management elements including monitoring, corrective actions and verification.

Periscope Consulting is among the top Food Defense consultants in the world.  We have worked closely with the Food Defense experts at USDA FSIS, the FDA, and the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT).  We have developed and presented workshop material at home and abroad.
We developed the Food Defense Plan Builder tool that USDA FAS and FDA are using in an expanding number of countries including Peru, Panama, the Philippines, China, Vietnam and Mexico (with an improved version under development for domestic use by the FDA). We bring a wealth of practical, industrial experience to our work and a comprehensive set of offerings to enhance your Food Defense.

Food Defense Plans

The secret sauce that makes a Food Defense Plan valuable is in the vulnerability assessments to determine those unit operations at greatest risk, and the mitigation measures put in place to reduce those risks. The creation of a Food Defense Plan requires us to consider a every product and every process step, assessing inherent measures and what we can do to mitigate risk.  The documentation of a Food Defense Plan holds us accountable to those measures, requiring ourselves to close any gaps, and provide a baseline for continuous improvement.  We are also required to manage the plan, including monitoring, corrective action and verification.
Periscope Consulting offers a comprehensive mix of services in Plan Development, Plan Implementation and Plan Sustainability. See the offerings listed below for a collection of services which can be customized to your needs (click above or on the lists below for more information).  Periscope Consulting will also review your existing plan and compare it to what is currently being used in industry.

Vulnerability Assessments

CARVER plus Shock is currently the most thorough vulnerability assessment but no longer widely used.  The FDA no longer promotes this method, though properly used, it does satisfy FSMA requirements by analyzing as a minimum the 3 fundamental elements (CARVER +Shock actually uses 7 elements).
Periscope Consulting is an expert user of the CARVER plus Shock software.  We can perform this vulnerability assessment for you, as well as discuss alternatives.
The easiest to use vulnerability assessment is using Key Activity Types (KATs).  We are well versed in the origin and use of KATs, but only recommend it to the smallest of facilities.
What is being called the 3 Elements Approach is the current favorite for conducting vulnerability assessments.  It includes the 3 elements of potential public health harm, accessibility to the unit operation, and ability of an attacker to successfully make an adulteration which is not detected.  It also includes consideration of inherent characteristics and an insider attack.


Our most popular package for one plant operations:
  • One Vulnerability Assessment using the 3 elements approach
  • Two training sessions (How to Build a Food Defense Plan using the FDPB Tool, plus one topic of your choice)
  • Food Defense Plan Builder Tool Installation
  • Facilitated workshop to build a customized Food Defense Plan
  • Four hours of follow-up telephone consultation
  • FSMA review

Additional Offerings

Food Defense Plan Development
  • Simple to robust Food Defense Plans
  • Gap analysis
  • Vulnerability Assessment
  • Action Plans
  • Mitigation Measures, monitoring, and corrective actions
  • Formal Audit and Verification Development

Food Defense Plan Implementation

  • Training
  • Gap Analysis
  • Vulnerability Assessment
  • Awareness Raising Newsletter
  • Project Management Services

Food Defense Plan Sustainability

  • Refresher Training
  • Facility Inspection
  • Formal Audit
  • Food Defense Plan Review